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Gates Ajar, Vol.1 No. 2 Winter 1988-89 – ARCHIVES

Sunday, March 28th, 2021

Eagle Scout Dick Slagle, second from right


1938  FOM MEMBER Richard M. (Dick) Slagle of Republic, WA, was in the party which placed a cast concrete marker on the grave in 1938.  He took photos of the ceremony with his “little $1 box camera”.

“I was a recent high school graduate,” he writes, “and in June of that year was approached by our local scoutmaster …  He had been asked to have the Boy Scout troop participate in a ceremony at a grave and to make a marker.  Not having any other information and only several days’ time, we set about the task of making a cement cross.  When the cement was poured we scratched in the name as neatly as we could:  “Ranald MacDonald”.

“On the day of the ceremony we loaded the cross into a school bus and rode to the Kettle River location, about 30 miles north of Republic.  It was a warm summer day and about a dozen or so people assembled in the little Indian cemetery on the edge of a bench.  It overlooks the Kettle River, the mouth of Toroda Creek and the ranch where Ranald MacDonald was visiting at the time of his death.


Jennie Nelson Lynch, circa 1938

  “Among the people gathered were Judge William C. Brown of Okanogan, a man with a lifelong interest in regional history and especially the history of the native people.  Judge Brown had organized the event and as he spoke I first heard the story of Ranald MacDonald.  “However, the high point of the program was to hear Mrs. Jennie Lynch (the former Jennie Nelson).  At that time she was probably in her 70’s, an active Indian lady and a favorite of her uncle Ranald.  As our group stood on this spot and looked over the scenic Kettle River valley she told the story of her memories of her uncle and his fondness to visit their ranch and of his last trip and final illness … “ … in 1894, Ranald died in the arms of his beloved niece, Jenny Lynch, saying “Sayonara, my dear, sayonara”.

ワシントン州リパブリックのFOMメンバー、リチャードM.“ディック”スレーグルは、1938年にラナルド・マクドナルドの墓にコンクリート製手作りの十字架/墓標を設置する式典に参加した。その時、彼は「小さな 1ドルのボックスカメラ」で式典の様子を写真に収めていた。 「私は最近高校を卒業しました」と彼は書き出し、更に「その年の6月に地元のスカウトマスターから連絡があり・・・彼曰く、ボーイスカウト部隊で墓標を作って用意し、式典に参加するよう頼まれた・・・と云ってきました。」と。他の情報はなく、ほんの数日で、セメント製十字架(墓標)を作る作業に着手しました。セメントが枠に注がれ終わった時、私たちはできる限り丁寧に名前を刻み込みましたRanald MacDonaldと。 「式典の日に、私たちはコンクリート製十字架をスクールバスに積み込み、リパブリックの北約30マイルにあるケトル川の近くの場所に辿り着きました。暖かい夏の日で、小高い丘の端にある小さなインディアン墓地に十数人ほどの人々が集まりました。そこはトロダクリーク河口のケトル川、そしてラナルドが亡くなった時に訪れていた牧場が見渡せる場所でした。そこに集った人々の中に、ウィリアムC.ブラウン裁判官が居りました。彼は 地域史に生涯関心を持つお方、特にオカノガン地域の先住民の歴史に関し。ブラウン裁判官がイ ベントを組織し、彼が話し始めた時私は初めてラナルド・マクドナルドのストーリーを聞きました。しかし、 プログラムのハイポイントはジェニー・リンチ夫人(旧姓 ジェニー・ネルソン)の話を聞くことでした。当時 彼女はおそらく70歳代だったでしょう。活動的なインディアン女性で 叔父ラナルドのお気に入りの姪でした。彼女は、風光明媚なケトルリバーバレーを見渡しながらいつも彼女たち所有の牧場訪問を楽しみにしていた叔父ラナルドとの思い出や彼の最後の旅、最後の病いの話等を語ってくれました。    『・・・1894年にラナルドは姪ジェニー・リンチの腕の中で息を引き取りました「サヨナラ マイ ディヤ― サヨナラ」と云って・・・』  

海の祭礼-Festival of the Sea – Translated into English by Prof. Stephen Kohl

Sunday, June 28th, 2020

Preface by Stephen Kohl, Sirius Woods, 2019

Festival-of-the-Sea.jpg           I first met Mr. Akira Yoshimura in the autumn of 1988 at a meeting of the Friends of MacDonald in Tokyo. I had read Umi No Sairei (Festival of the Sea) and was fascinated to hear him speak of the countless trips he had made to Nagasaki to gather materials for that book. I suggested that I thought it would be a good idea to translate this work into English. There were several reasons for this. First of all, putting the text into English would make it available to an extended audience. Secondly, at that time the only account of Ranald MacDonald’s adventure in Japan was his autobiography – which was necessarily limited to what MacDonald himself had personally seen and experienced. Festival of the Sea provides a much broader context for MacDonald’s story by showing us how it appeared from a Japanese perspective. Yoshimura’s work also concludes with an extended account of the career of Moriyama Einosuke, MacDonald’s star “pupil”. This establishes the true value and legacy of MacDonald’s experience in a way that Ranald MacDonald himself never knew.

          After that initial meeting with Mr. Yoshimura, time passed and in 1997 Jo Ann Roe published Ranald MacDonald: Pacific Rim Adventurer, which began to put MacDonald’s experience into a broader context. In 2003 Frederik L. Schodt published Native American in the Land of the Shogun: Ranald MacDonald and the Opening of Japan. In this work, he provided much more context and relied on numerous Japanese sources including Umi no Sairei, but still, we see the story primarily from Macdonald’s perspective. I felt that Yoshimura’s work provided an important counterpoint perspective, so I undertook to make a translation. I wrote to Mr. Yoshimura, and with his encouragement, I did make a rough translation, but life intervened and I never did accomplish more than a rough draft. Then Mr. Yoshimura died and the project languished. In 2017, however, Mr. Sekikawa Natsuo invited me to participate in a symposium at the Yoshimura Akira Memorial Library. I was unable to do so, but Mr. Sekikawa’s enthusiasm inspired me to go back and revise my earlier draft of the translation and bring it to completion.

          Yoshimura Akira was born into a merchant family in the downtown (Nippori) section of Tokyo.  From an early age, however, he was more interested in literature than in business.  Through his college years and beyond he wrote and published stories, and in the late 1950s and 60s several of his works were nominated for the prestigious Akutagawa Prize [a Japanese literary prize awarded semiannually for the best work of fiction by a promising new Japanese writer]. Although he was never awarded that prize, his reputation was firmly established in 1966 at the age of thirty-nine with the publication of The Battleship Musashi (Senkan Musashi). In this work he pioneered a new genre, what has come to be called “documentary fiction”. He collected detailed information from historical records and from interviews with people involved to explain the significance of the construction of the Battleship Musashi. In the process of describing the building of the ship, he also created an essay on the nature of modern war. His insight was that, engaged in modern, all-out war, the Japanese people had to use everything in their power to try to prevail. The symbol for that effort was the Battleship Musashi. In the end, of course, it was a failed effort, but nevertheless it was a valiant and committed effort which reflected the dedication and commitment of the Japanese people as a nation. That was what Yoshimura celebrated in his work.

          Although Yoshimura continued to write fiction with contemporary settings, he is primarily known for his history-based documentary fiction, and from 1980 on his interest turned to late Edo-period Japan. Since he could not interview the participants in the events he dealt with, he thoroughly researched the diaries, letters, and other documents pertaining to his subject. He made repeated trips to the site where events took place to the point where he could even actually describe the weather at the time and place certain events occurred. We might way that even though he was writing fiction, he included as little fiction as possible in his works. Yoshimura hinted at a possible reason for this: in a middle school composition class, he once wrote an essay entitled “My Father’s Hand” – and although his father was alive and well at the time, in the essay he described his father’s body laid out in a coffin. On the back of his father’s hand was a large mole, which he caressed with his fingertips. He wrote that this was the first time he had experienced the sensation of touching his father’s skin – as the eighth of none sons his father had never taken him by the hand and he had therefore never had the opportunity to touch his father’s skin. Yoshimura’s teacher thought this was an excellent essay and read it aloud to the class, but when his father read it he was furious, shouting, “You have written something here which has no basis in fact!” Perhaps it was from this experience that Yoshimura showed such devotion to getting the ‘facts’ right.

In his historical fiction, Yoshimura often wrote about those who had been overlooked in historical accounts. Frederik Schodt has described Ranald MacDonald as “a man who did an extraordinary thing and then fell through the cracks of history”. In this sense MacDonald was a prime subject for Yoshimura’s pen. Moriyama Einosuke, who figures prominently in Festival of the Sea, is another case in point. Having proven himself as Japan’s most accomplished interpreter of English, Moriyama played a crucial role in crafting the Bafuku’s (Shogunate) first treaties with all the other countries of the world. Moriyama negotiated with Commodore Perry, and later with Townsend Harris, but he also negotiated treaties with all the other European countries that demanded a role in the opening of Japan. In the 1850s and 1860s, Moriyama was virtually the only person who knew both sides of the equation – what a treaty said in English and what it said in Japanese. Both sides relied on him to ensure that they agreed on the same things. He continued with his work under enormous pressure, for truly the destiny of the Japanese Nation was on his shoulders. Once the new Meiji government took power, Moriyama disappeared from sight until Yoshimura redirected our attention to him. Moriyama’s disappearance from the scene was only partly due to the fact that the new Meiji government wanted its own interpreters, not those of the old Tokugawa government. It was also the case that Moriyama was simply burned out by the time the regime change too place. Some historians have held Moriyama responsible, unfairly in my opinion, of having led Japan to agree to ‘unequal treaties’. Indeed, those treaties he helped negotiate were unequal, but they also protected japan from being colonized by one or more of the Great powers, yet the indignity of the treaties rankled and some blamed Moriyama. So for many reasons Moriyama had been largely ignored by historians until Yoshimura illuminated his crucial role in the opening of Japan.

          We see something similar in the case of Hori Tatsunosuke, another interpreter and contemporary of Moriyama, about whom Yoshimura wrote in his historical novel Kurofune. Hori is known to history as the first Japanese to have a meaningful encounter with Commodore Perry’s squadron. He stepped aboard the Susquehanna and uttered three words in English: “I speak Dutch.” Hori was recognized as a man of competence as an interpreter of Dutch, but he had the ill luck to be stationed in Edo during the winter of 1848-49 and so was unable to receive tutelage in English from Ranald MacDonald. Throughout his career he was overshadowed by Moriyama who, thanks to MacDonald, had a greater facility in Spoken English and was able to consort more comfortably with foreigners. So, Hori experienced frustration and embarrassment, but he persevered, and in the end was able to make the transition to the new Meiji government which Moriyama did not (could not) do. And Hori compiled a Japanese-English dictionary – which Moriyama had begun to do but had not completed. Hori also became a respected teacher of English, an endeavor Moriyama rarely had time for.  In Yoshimura’s telling, perseverance paid off for Hori and in his own way had made a meaningful and lasting contribution to the opening of Japan. But he, too, has been largely forgotten. Yoshimura recognized this and clarified Hori’s role in history.

          One of the hallmarks of Yoshimura’s historical fiction is the celebration of those forgotten figures who, through their dedication and perseverance, have made meaningful and lasting contributions. Certainly we see this in Festival of the Sea where Ranald MacDonald had the courage and determination to wade ashore alone in a country where foreigners were forbidden to set foot, and in Moriyama, who stood exposed and alone as Japan’s spokesman to the other nations of the world. These were remarkable men who did remarkable things, and Yoshimura Akira was the bard who brought their stories to life. ~ S.K.

Gates Ajar June. 2020 Vol.32 No.1 ~ Following in the Footsteps of our Illustrious Ancestor: Ranald MacDonald by Emily Cole

Sunday, June 28th, 2020

Ranald MacDonald was the first son of Hudson’s Bay Company Chief Factor Archibald McDonald. Our mother, Jean Murray Cole, Archibald MacDonald’s great-great granddaughter, has written extensively about both Archibald and Ranald. My sister Catherine and I were raised on stories of their adventures.


Cole sisters at MacDonald Monument, Rishiri Island

On August 25, 2019, we travelled to Rishiri Island to see where Ranald landed in 1848.

Catherine lives in Edmonton, Alberta and works as a heritage consultant. I live in Toronto, Ontario and where I work as a lawyer. We flew from our respective homes in Canada and met at the Sapporo airport to board the plane to Rishiri Island.

Mr. Eiji Nishiya welcomed us at the Rishiri Island airport, and that evening we met with him and two teachers from Rishiri High SchView "Emily and Toshi at the peak 2019"ool, Mr. Toshi Kano and Ms. Mayumi Nakanishi, to discuss our itinerary for the next few days. The next day Mr. Nishiya and Catherine hiked Mount Pon (444M) and Mr. Kano and I climbed to the peak of Rishiri Fuji (1790 M). Catherine and I enjoyed the onsen in the hotel that evening. 

            Mr. Nishiya gave us a tour of the Island by car on our second day on Rishiri; we visited Ranald MacDonald’s landing place with the monument commemorating his arrival as well as the place where he was imprisoned. We were quite moved as we stood on the beach. It was a windy day and we could imagine how Ranald felt as he navigated his small boat towards the island. We each collected a stone from the landing place as a memento. Mr. Nishiya also introduced us to some local fisher-people who were preparing sea urchins they had harvested. They cracked one open and invited us to taste the fresh uni. Mr. Nishiya collected a glass float from near their cabin for each of us to take home as a souvenir. Little did we know this would not be our last fishing experience on Rishiri.  Later that afternoon, we visited Rishiri High School where we were greeted by the Principal and Vice Principal. We were surprised to learn that the school has 71 students and 24 teachers. This is a very high ratio of teachers to students compared to North America. We then went to Ms. Nakanishi’s classroom of students aged 15-16 years old. Catherine gave a PowerPoint presentation to the students about Ranald’s early life and his later years in North America. Several of the students gave presentations about Japanese culture and food and Rishiri Island flowers. They presented us with beautiful cream puffs and a local drink so that we could sample Japanese sweets. They then asked us questions about Canada. We gave the students tokens of our appreciation: Canadian flag pins and Hudson Bay Company bookmarks. That evening Mr. Nishiya, Mr. Kano and Ms. Nakanishi joined us for dinner at the Rishiri Island Inn. The next day, we visited the museum in the morning and went sea kayaking in the afternoon. To our surprise, we were not paddling, but fishing in the Sea of Japan!  Catherine caught a 14 kilogram hamachi fish. We took the hamachi to our hotel in hopes the chef would prepare it for us. The hotel declined so Mr. Nishiya took the fish to a sushi restaurant. That evening we talked about how fortunate we were to have started our first visit in Japan on Rishiri Island and experience the warm and generous hospitality of our host Mr. Nishiya, Mr. Kano and Ms. Nakanishi.  

We met at the hotel on the morning of our last day on the island. Mr. Nishiya and Mr. Kano took us out for ramen at the famous restaurant. It was a very stormy day and we wondered whether we, like Ranald, would remain on Rishiri but went to the airport and were able to fly to Sapporo, connect to Kyoto and, after a week of meetings, eventually Tokyo.  We met Ranald MacDonald scholars, Mr. Yuji Aisaka and Ms. Yuko Imanishi, for dinner at a restaurant on the Kamo River in Kyoto.  We also met Profs. Toshi Tanaka and Norie Yazu of the Japanese Association for Canadian Studies and enjoyed tori-suki at a restaurant in Tokyo.  

We look forward to a future visit when we’ll be able to go to Nagasaki to follow that chapter of Ranald’s story. On return to Canada, Catherine spoke to the Japanese-Canadian Seniors Group in Edmonton about our experience and they were very interested to learn about Ranald’s life. Next year is the 40th anniversary of the sister province relationship between Hokkaido and Alberta.

We really appreciated the generous hospitality extended to us by all of the people who hosted us on Rishiri Island, in Kyoto and in Tokyo. We hope to continue to build relationships with our friends in Japan through Ranald’s story and look forward to our next visit.   

     ~~ Emily Cole


Keeping Up With Rishiri Students

Thursday, February 14th, 2019

Last year – 2018 – was quite a year for Friends of MacDonald.  Not only did FOM as a committee of the Clatsop County Historical Society reach its 30th year of existence, the “Ranald MacDonald Short-term Study Abroad Program” at Rishiri high school also reached its sixth year in 2018.  Although times and members change, I think I can speak for everyone in wishing that both organizations remain healthy and continue to grow for many more decades.

            Due to the large number of brain cells that were devoted to organizing and then accomplishing the Friends of MacDonald 30th Anniversary Luncheon, Annual Meeting and Group Excursion to the northern reaches of Washington State to memorialize our organization with a visit to Ranald’s last resting place we realized that we postponed reporting another successful visitation by students from Rishiri high school to Astoria, Oregon, and to Spokane and Toroda, Washington in 2017.  We will remedy that omission in this, the first issue of the Friends of MacDonald Newsletter as it enters its 31st year of ‘publication’ – and will continue our report on the 2018 students in the next (to be published shortly, we hope and intend).

            We went into some detail in Gates Ajar Vol. 30, No. 1 that was published in March of 2018 about our visit to Rishiri High School in December of 2017, and briefly introduced Jin Hiranuma and Mako Sato, the two Rishiri students who visited Astoria and points beyond in the autumn of 2017, but regretfully overlooked the in-depth report that we have given other students from Rishiri. Jin and Mako will both graduate from high school in April 2019 and are planning on attending university in Japan. We have no doubt whatsoever that they will be successful in anything they try.

「光陰矢のごとし!」とは良く言ったもの、「矢のごとし」とまでは言わないまでも、年々時の経過が早まっているような錯覚を覚え、この名言に同感、感心している自分の存在に気付く機会が最近増えて居ります。思うに2018年はマクドナルド友の会(FOM)創立30周年記念行事とラナルド・マクドナルドの没後125周忌の墓参の準備や実行、事後処理に明け暮れてしまいました。 その影響で利尻高校生の短期留学プログラムの様子や、成果伝達の機会を失っていた事に気付き、この度、Gates Ajar の臨時号を発行、皆さんにお届けする次第です。

2017年秋には、利尻高校2年生の平沼 迅君と佐藤真恋さんの二人が選抜され、同校英語教諭、相澤沙織先生の付き添いでポートランド国際空港へやって参りました。



Rishiri Report – March 2018

Thursday, March 15th, 2018

Alice and I visited Japan in December last year.  On the 11th we flew from Narita in Tokyo to the New Chitose Airport near Sapporo; the next day – Dec. 12th – we flew from Okadama Airport in Sapporo to Rishiri Airport … under the provision that, IF the weather around Rishiri Airport was not suitable for the plane to land, the plane would turn around and return to Okadama Airport.  Fortunately, when we arrived at Rishiri Airport, the weather had turned favorable for landing.  Our understanding is that there had been a blizzard prior to our plane’s arrival, and up until the last several minutes landing was not a guarantee.

We were met at the airport by Rev. Kyouji Furukawa, Chairman of the “MacDonald Scholarship Fund Support Group”, Mr. Eiji Nishiya, Deputy Manager of MSFSG, Mr. Motomura, Principal of Rishiri High School (who officially invited us to come to Rishiri) and Ms. Nakanishi and Ms. Suzuki, teachers and two of the familiar faces from Rishiri High School, who had each chaperoned students to America in recent years.

Snowy Hokkaido … in particular the “real middle-of-winter on Rishiri Island” – for several years now Alice and I have discussed going to see the deep snow on Hokkaido.  Out of nowhere, a request came from Rishiri High School Principal Motomura for me to go and give a lecture there in December.  It did not take any time at all for us to decide and to respond positively for going.  The Hokkaido Board of Education designated Rishiri High School to be an “Improving English Language Education” research school.  Also, for the past 5 years Rishiri High School has sent students to America as part of their “short-term overseas study program” to encourage learning English.  The lectures relating to the project at the high school and a review of the project were to be held at Rishiri High School on December 15th. It was Principal Motomura’s suggestion that we try to arrive a few days in advance since ‘bad weather’ could jeopardize our schedule – there is only ONE flight per day from Okadama in Sapporo to Rishiri (and vice versa) – so we arrived on the 12th.

As we were driven from the airport along the snowy road to where we were to stay – the Pension Green Wind – we saw frequent changes to the weather, and we looked at each other and nodded our heads, agreeing that Principal Motomura’s suggestion to try to get there early had been “a good one”.  We were greeted by Miyazaki’s “Totoro” on the way to the high school – “Drive Carefully on Rishiri !”

The lecture and presentation was held in the Rishiri High School Auditorium; the event started out with an official greeting by Principal Motomura in English. [Principal Motomura is a former English teacher – and his English was very good.]  His greetings were followed by a report entitled “Studying in Astoria (Oregon) and Spokane (Washington)” which was presented by two Rishiri High School Juniors, Jin Hiranuma and Mako Sato.  Jin and Mako came to America in the autumn of 2017 and were the 5th pair of students to come to Astoria/Spokane in the last 5 years.  They took turns giving their presentation, speaking about their valuable experiences in English.  Next the Chairman of Friends of MacDonald – me – presented the “real” Ranald MacDonald to the student body (as opposed to the Ronald McDonald, the mascot of hamburger fame).  I introduced MacDonald and his contributions by Power Point in English.  After that, based on my “50 plus years of life in America”, I gave “life advice” to the Rishiri High School students in Japanese.  My message was, “It’s good to hope and dream of the future, but the most important thing is to concentrate and work hard on what’s in front of you right now!”  That message has been my personal mantra/motto during my life in America.

Alice followed with her own message in English – “There is a big, wide world out there – – – get out of your comfort zone and follow the example of Ranald MacDonald, the Adventurer!”

The final lecture was presented by Dr. Hisashi Naito, Professor of Business Management at Hokkai Gakuen University, entitled “Look, Think and Act Globally” and explained the arrival of a new ”Glocal World” in fluent English [which he stressed that he had studied and mastered without going abroad.]

Local dignitaries who attended the presentation included Rev. Kyouji Furukawa, Mr. Ken’ichi Kurokawa, Mr. Eiji Nishiya of Ranald MacDonald Scholarship Fund Support Group and Mr. Kazuki Kosugi, Superintendent of the Rishiri School Dist. plus representatives from Hokkaido Department of Education, Wakkanai High School, Toyotomi High School, Edasachi High School, Rebun High School, Rishiri Junior High School, Senposhi Grade School, Kutsugata Grade School and some parents.  It was a well-attended event.




当日の講演会・成果発表会は、元英語教師であった元村校長が流ちょうな英語で先ず挨拶、続いてマクドナルド奨学資金支援の会により第5回米国短期留学生として米国アストリア市(オレゴン州)とスポケン市(ワシントン州)へ派遣された利尻高校2年生の平沼 迅君と佐藤真恋さんが交互に留学研修報告を英語で行った。次に私は世界中で知られているハンバーガーチェーンの道化者、ロナルド・マクドナルドと異なる「Real MacDonald」と題して、ラナルド・マクドナルドの紹介と彼の功績をパワーポイントを使って英語で紹介、続いて、在米50余年の体験に基ずく・・・利尻高校生達へのアドバイス的メッセージとして、「将来の夢も希望も良いが、最も大事なのは“現在”に熱中・目の前の事に集中する事!という自己の座右の銘を日本語で説き、家内アリスが「世界は広い、時には、マクドナルドの冒険心を見習い、自分のComfort Zoneから脱出を!」と英語でフォローした。講演の最後は、北海学園大学経営学部教授の内藤 永(ひさし)博士が「グローバルに見て、考えて、行動しよう」と題して、新たな“グローカル時代”到来の説明と生徒達への指針を「日本国内で学び、マスターした!」という見事な英語で解説、進言した。


A Very Special Gathering

Sunday, May 28th, 2017

We knew it was going to be a special meeting as soon as we got off the elevator on the second floor of the Heritage Museum in Astoria – we were not ‘late’, but we found the hallway filled with FOM members and guests chatting and patiently waiting to enter the gallery area of the old, Circa 1904 Astoria City Hall.  We were thrilled to see so many familiar faces – and a number of new faces as well. We – all of the Friends of MacDonald members – are pleased and gratified that our membership stays strong.  It is often difficult for organizations such as ours to remain healthy over the years; that said, we feel that our success stems from the allure Ranald MacDonald himself. As far as historical figures go, I think I speak for all of our members when I say that Ranald is definitely one of the more interesting characters to spring out of the Pacific Northwest, if not America itself.

We began our meeting by welcoming charter member and former FOM Chairman Prof. Stephan Kohl, former chairman Jim Mockford, and author of ‘Ranald MacDonald: Pacific Rim Adventurer’, JoAnn Roe, who, at age 93, drove BY HERSELF to Astoria from Bellingham, WA to be with us at this year’s luncheon. We were also honored to have Consul General and Mrs. Uchiyama of the Japan Consular Office in Portland, Chinook Council Vice Chair Sam Robinson and his better half Mildred (who entertained us with Chinook drums and songs of gratitude to the Creator who watches over us all), and local Chinook artist Charles Funk and his wife Mary. Members of Clan Donald were also in attendance, as well as visitors from Montana and Japan. Jim Mockford reminded us of our history as a Committee of the Clatsop County Historical Society, and – with occasional corroboration from Professor Kohl – told the story of the early days of FOM when Bruce Berney of Astoria and the late Mas Tomita of Epson Portland (among others) work against all odds to establish FOM. ~ Chairman Mas Yatabe





Tuesday, February 28th, 2017

The following reports (in Japanese) were written by two students from Rishiri High School, Yuto Shima and Haruno Tsutsumi,  and their foreign language teacher, Junichiro Miyamoto, after completing their visitation to Spokane and Toroda, Washington and Portland and Astoria, Oregon, spending 5 days in each State.  They visited the grave site of Ranald MacDonald near Toroda, Washington and attended classes at Colville High School in Republic, Washington with other local students. They were guided by a long- time member of FOM and the author of the book “Unsung Hero”, Atsumi Tsukimori McCauley of Spokane, WA.  Next the three flew to Portland where they were joined by Rishiri H.S. Principle, Mr. Tsubokawa, and the PTA President, Mr. Yoshida. The five were guided by FOM Chairman Mas Yatabe to meet with Council General of Japan in Portland, Kojiro Uchiyama, who gave the two students’ self-introduction speeches in English a high grade of “A” as if they were his students, which made Principal Tsubokawa, Foreign Language teacher, Mr. Miyamoto and Mr. Yoshida, the PTA President very happy.   The five from Rishiri were driven by Chairman Yatabe to Astoria where they visited the birth place monument of Ranald MacDonald and later they were taken to Astoria High School where the students met host families and the Principle of Astoria High School, Mr. Lynn Jackson.  Although their stays in Washington and Oregon were short, they, in particular the students, learned a great deal about the diverse nature of the people and the culture of US, and the independence of US students compared their Japanese counterparts.  Both students were very appreciative of the host students’ and their families’ kindness in Republic, Washington and in Astoria. Oregon.  

マクドナルド短期留学研修を終えて 北海道利尻高等学校 

2 年 A 組志摩祐斗 


私が感じた日本とアメリカの違いは、アメリカ人は日本人より自立しているということです。アメリカの高校生の多くは免許が16歳で取得できるため、自分で車を運転して登下校をしていました。その  他にもホームステイ先の5歳の子が自分の部屋を持っていて夜は1人で寝ていました。このように現地の人は日本人よりも自立していて、その分高校生になると自分で責任を取らないといけないことも増え  るので、日本人よりも大変になるのではないかと考えました。


ホームステイ先では多くのおもてなしや気遣いをしていただき ました。おやすみやおはようなどの日本語を覚えて使ってくれたり、お土産の箸を使ってくれたりしました。また、私が卓球部だと言うと、卓球場に連れて行ってくれました。このようにアメリカ人はサービス精神が日本人よりも多く、ホームステイではとても有意義な時間を過ごすことができました。


今回の短期留学では日本の良さを再確認することもできました。アメリカでは空港の椅子が食べ物で汚れていたり教室の  床に本がちらばっていたりしました。その他にもゴミの分別がなかったりコンビニが近くになかったりと、日本ではあまり考えられないようなことが普通に行われていました。このようなことを通して清潔で環境が良く、安全な日本はやはり良いところだと感じました。



マクドナルド短期留学研修を終えて北海道利尻高等学校 2 年 A 組堤春乃

中学生の頃からの目標だったこの短期留学。事前研修が進むにつれ、アメリカに行くという実感が湧いてきました。これまではただただ楽し みなことしか考えていませんでしたが、期待と同時に不安な気持ちにもなってしまいました。しかしいざ飛行機に乗ってアメリカの土地に足を踏み入れてみると、不思議なことに不安が一瞬で払拭されました。「たくさん学びたい。たくさん楽しみたい。いい思い出を作りたい。」あの頃からずっと憧れていたことがいまこの瞬間に叶っているんだ、と思うと自然と強い自分になれました。振り返ると、私の夢の時間はあっという間に終わってしまいました。


ってくれた子に、「日本人は文を書くときにひらがな・カタカナ・漢字の 3 つを使うんだよ」と私の名前を使いながらそれぞれ紹介しました。するとその子は「私の名前を漢字で書いて」と要求してきました。当然書くことはできなかったのですが、私たちが普段当たり前と思っていることがそうではないことを身をもって感じられた出来事でした。文化・言語の違い、人との出会いや新たな発見をできたからこそ、心から楽しむことができたのだと思います。


優しい家族の下でホームステイできたことをとても嬉しく思います。テレビで放送されているアメリカンフットボールの試合を全員で応援したり、ハロウィンのためにジャックオランタンを作ったり  と、初めての体験もさせていただけました。この短期間で多くの思い出を残すことができ、ホストファミリーの方々の気遣いや優しさ、心の温かさなど素敵な人間性を感じられる大切な時間となりました。

そして、現地で日本人のあやのという女の子に出逢えたことは、私の人生の強い支えになったと思い  ます。彼女は私の1軒目のホームステイ先に8月から交換留学生としてホームステイしていました。同い年にもかかわらず家族のもとを離れて1人で外国に飛び立ち、自らの力を使ってアメリカでの生活を送っている彼女のたくましさに圧倒されました。そんな彼女が大切にしている言葉を教えてくれました。

『YOLO(You Only Live Once)』。人生一度きり、という意

味があります。彼女はその言葉を支えに過ごしているそうです。たった 2、3 日しか一緒にいられませんでしたが、同じ日本人で同じ年齢で同じ性別の彼女の存在は、この人生で決して忘れることはないだろうと思います。滞在中は自分自身を客観視できる場面が多々ありました。自分の足りない部分や欠けている部分を見つめ直すことで、向上心をあげることに繋がり、自然と意欲的  になっていったように思います。なんとなく過ごしていた時間も視線を少し変えてみるだけで何か生ま れてくるものがある、とこの研修を通して気づかされました。アメリカでは月森さんと谷田部さんにとてもお世話になりました。街の紹介や車での移動だけでなく、知らない土地で右も左も分からない私たちの心の拠り所にもなっていただいたように思います。またマクドナルド友の会会長の古川さんや歴史研究家の西谷さんをはじめとするたくさんの方々や両町のご支援、そして温かく見送ってくれた家族に心から感謝しています。私がこうして目標を一つ達成できたのは、周りの支えがあったからだと実感しました。



マクドナルド短期留学研修を終えて北海道利尻高等学校       外国語科教諭          宮本順一郎


人生において経験しておくべきことが無数にあるが、海外へ行くこともその一つと言えよう。十代後半、しかもこの短期留学のために英検の勉強をしてきた二名にとってはベストタイミングである。私の ような四十代の者が想像するより遥かに多くのものを得ていることは、二人が語らずとも雰囲気から感じ取ることができる。この短期留学がかくも刺激に満ちたものであることに、帰国して初めて気付かされたのである。


二人の成長が垣間見えるエピソードをご紹介して、ご支援を頂いている皆さんの御恩に僅かでも報いる ことができれば幸甚である。

ワシントン州でのホームステイを終え、ポートラン ドに向かった。到着して昼食を取った後、在ポートランド領事事務所へ。そこで二人はそれぞれ、内山浩二郎総領事(写真中央)に英語でスピーチを行なったが、実に立派なスピーチであった。私なんぞ、日本 語でもあれほどのスピーチはできない。内山総領事からは「ABCの3段階で『A』」を頂戴した。大したものである。短期留学期間中、最も緊張を強いられた時間だったのではなかろうか。そして、これほど改まった場で外国語を話す機会は、極めて稀有なことである。二人の人生において、実に大きな財産になったと信じる。

そして、帰国後、在札幌米国総領事館へ行き、ハービー・ビーズリー広報・文化交流担当領事(写真左) と面会する機会を設けていただいた。言うべき内容を頭に入れ、ビーズリー領事に向かってスピーチをする二人だったが、領事は文ごとに合いの手をお入れになったり、質問をなさったりする。これは二人にとって想定外のことであった。無論、私にとっても想定外。内心、「これは厳しい」と思っていた。しかし、そこで展開されたのは、領事とのやり取りを楽しむ二人の姿であった。日本語も交える心配りをなさるビーズリー領事には、帰国間もない我々を労うかのように、心地よい時間を提供して頂いた。さて、この短期留学に並々ならぬご尽力をいただいているのが、コーディネーターのお二方である。最初に行ったスポケーンでお世話になったのが月森愛鶴美さん、その後、ポートランドでお世話になったのが谷田部勝さんである。お二方の善意がどれほどのものか語りつくすことができない。私のような人見知りをする人間には、意気投合する人がそう現れるものではない。しかしアメリカで出会うことになるとは予想だにしていなかった。それが月森さん(写真右)である。人見知りはするが図々しい私は「お母さん」と呼び、この上なく寛容な月森さんはそれを許してくれた(と解釈している)。人間観察眼があまりに鋭く、自分でも気づかない一面を指摘されたときは、ぐうの音も出なかった。メールの最後に、「アメリカンマザー」と書いてくださる月森さん。たった数日で、本当に多くのことを教えていただいた。谷田部さん(写真中央)とは、吉田PTA会長と本校校長も合わせた4人でご一緒させていただい た。道中いろいろと解説を交え、ありとあらゆるところにご案内いただいた。とにかく博識である。お陰でアメリカの自然を堪能することができ、その雄大さにただただ気圧されるばかりであった。レスリングをされていたタフガイとは言え、かなりご無理をお願いしたような気がしてならない。11月6日、ご子息が結婚式を挙げられたとの由。翌日、「息子の結婚式はお陰様で晴天に恵まれラッキーでした。」とのメールを頂戴した。慶賀に堪えない私は、記して谷田部さんとご子息のご多幸を皆さんとともに祈念したいと思う。

幸運にも、お二方とは胸襟を開いて本短期留学事業について議論する場面があった。厳しいご意見を   頂いたのも確かである。しかし、そのいずれも、お二方が本事業に精力を傾注なさっているからこそ聞くことができるものであり、また生産的なものであった。ほかの誰よりも、本事業の発展を望んでおられるのである。それにお応えできるものにする義務を学校側は負っていると痛感している。

一生忘れることのできない機会を二人に与えていただいた。そこで得た経験を糧にして、周囲の人た    ちより一層研鑽を重ね、自らを育てていかなければならないと二人には伝えたい。そして皆さんには、二人を温かく見守り、お力添えをお願い申し上げる次第である。


International Ranald MacDonald Prize awarded to Fred Schodt

Tuesday, February 28th, 2017

Amsterdam, September 11, 2016 ~~  The Cultural Public Benefit Organization awarding the prize, Friends of MacDonald • The Dutch Connection,  abbreviated as FOM NL, would not have existed if Frederik L. Schodt had not written a biography of Ranald MacDonald (1824-1894). In his Native American in the Land of the Shogun: Ranald MacDonald and the Opening of Japan (Stone Bridge Press, Albany CA, 2003) he brings to life a ‘true cultural and racial hybrid—in the best sense of the word— (who) assumes heroic proportions because of his success in carving his own path in life, in an often unfriendly world’, in short, an example to follow. But, besides this book, Schodt – he calls himself a niche writer – has written many other works on related subjects, essays, historiography and translations. Therefore FOM NL granted him a special prize of 2500 euro for his oeuvre.

On October 11, 1848, year of revolutions in Europe and the gold rush in California, Japan still being ‘closed’, Ranald MacDonald met in Nagasaki with the Japanese ‘Dutch Interpreters’ and the Dutch ‘opperhoofd’, ‘chief’. This small event, which made it to the headlines in the Dutch newspapers because ‘the opening of Japan’ was hot in those days, was the reason to choose October 11th for the annual award ceremony.

The “International Ranald MacDonald Prize” will be awarded annually to the work of a debut writer or artist which is exceptionally ‘true, good and beautiful’ and sheds new light on the relations between Asia, Europe and North America. The novel In het licht van wat wij weten / In the light of what we know (Hollands Diep, Amsterdam, 2015) by Zia Haider Rahman fits this description precisely. Indeed, this book is so comprehensive, so wide ranging and has, eventually, such a remarkable outcome, that the first winner exceeded all expectations. Its quality will be the touchstone for any future award. The prize amounts to 5000 euro and the ceremony was held October 11, 2016.

~Fred Dijs   http://www.friendsofmacdonald.nl/en/2016/09/press-release/


追悼:富田虎男先生 ~~ 河元 由美子

Sunday, August 28th, 2016


話は1996年10月にさかのぼる。マクドナルドに関心のある何人かが立教大学富田研究室に集まり、アメリカのFOMとは別に「日本マクドナルドの会」を立ち上げた。会長は富田虎男氏、事務局は利尻の西谷榮治氏、会員は逢坂祐二、稲上護、石原千里(いしはらちさと)、宇城祐司(うしろゆうじ)、河元由美子の面々で、これに長崎在住の塩田元久、海外からはフレデリック・ショットが加わった。会の目的はマクドナルドに関するさらなる研究とマクドナルドの本刊行にあった。日本国内でマクドナルドに関する出版物と言えば『マクドナルド「日本回想記」インディアンの見た幕末の日本』(ウイリアム・ルイス、村上直次郎編、富田虎男訳、1979年初版、1993 年補訂版、刀水書房)のほか、まとまった出版物がなかった。そこで会員それぞれの知識を結集し、新しい資料を加えた独自のマクドナルド像を1冊の本にまとめ上げたいという希望を抱き、富田先生が全体を編集監修することで意見が一致した。それぞれが熱い思いを抱き、準備のための会合は数回に及んだ。日本を目指すためのハワイにおける準備活動、利尻上陸から長崎護送まで、長崎における取り調べや大悲庵での英語授業、プレブル号による引き渡し交渉、離日後のマクドナルドの動行など大まかな部分分けが行われ、会員が自分の得意とする分野を受け持ち、出来上がった原稿を富田先生に送った。


原稿提出にも時間的なばらつきもあり結局作業は頓挫、富田先生はみなの原稿を預かったまま編集責任の苦渋を負われたのである。年月がたち会員達の高齢化による変化が見え始めた。先生自身もご自分の健康状態の悪化や奥さまの介護などで、自由にマクドナルドに懸ける時間には制約があった。私の所沢訪問はこうして始まった。その後先生は清瀬の老人ホームに居を移され、私は清瀬にも先生を訪ねた。この時には放射線の再治療などで大分体力が落ち長く話すにはかなりお疲れの様子であったが、それでもマクドナルドの原稿と資料はしっかりとそろえられ、しかるべき後継者に委譲する準備をされていた。私自身も体力、能力、時間などを考慮すると残念ながらこれ等の貴重な資料を預かることに責任が持てなかった。幸いこれらの原稿と資料は現在利尻の西谷氏に受け継がれ、北海道新聞社の協力のもと再編集作業が行われようとしている. 最後まで心を残された富田先生にマクドナルドの本が刊行され墓前にささげることが出きれば大変喜ばしいことである。~~ Yumiko Kawamoto

A Tribute to FOM-Japan ‘Founder’, Torao Tomita

Sunday, August 28th, 2016

Mr. Torao Tomita, Professor Emeritus of St. Paul’s University in Tokyo and Chairman of Friends of MacDonald Japan, passed away on June 11, 2016 at the age of 87.  Prof. Tomita came across Ranald MacDonald in 1969 when he attended the live play “Grassroots Warriors” performed by the Bunka-za Theater Group. Tomita-san was quite intrigued when one of the actors – portraying an American Indian named Ranald MacDonald – proclaimed that “in America, the People are more important than the President”.  Based on this single statement, Mr. Tomita began doing his own research into the man Ranald MacDonald, reading everything he could find, including the Narrative written by MacDonald and visiting as many of the places MacDonald had mentioned, both in Japan and in America.  In 1979 Tomita translated Ranald’s Narrative into Japanese, and published his own revision in 1981 and again in 2012. Eventually, as his research continued, Mr. Tomita revised his original portrayal of Ranald MacDonald from a youth who seemed a rather “reckless adventurer” into a rational, deliberate and thoughtful adventurer.